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What Is Periodontal Gum Disease And How Can It Be Treated?

What Is Periodontal Gum Disease And How Can It Be Treated?

Periodontal gum disease is the result of an inflammation caused in the gums by bacteria that have taken root in the soft tissue, lining the mouth. The disease can be characterized in different stages depending on the severity of inflammation and accordingly the best treatment method is recommended to you by your Periodontist. To extensively understand more about the disease stages as well as the available treatments, our experts have listed down the following information for your convenience.

The Stages

As the bacterial growth begins to increase in number within your mouth cavity and onto your gums, inflammation occurs. The very first stage of this is more commonly known as gingivitis where the gums become red, appear irritated as well as swollen. Sometimes, it is also possible that they begin to bleed as a result of the inflammation. As this is still a part of the initial stages, gingivitis can be easily treated and reversed by taking good control of your oral hygiene habits.

The first of which is to brush as well as floss your teeth every single day without fail. If this does not provide sufficient comfort, it is advised to visit your hygienist who will perform a deep cleaning and eliminate the possible infection. If relief is still not achieved, a stronger periodontal treatment would then be advised for your case.

The Treatments

The periodontal treatments as a whole can be classified into surgical or non-surgical depending on the severity of your gum disease as well as the need for a thorough intervention. Such treatments are usually sought when daily changes to your lifestyle and habits concerning your oral hygiene are not sufficient in removing the bacterial inflammation.

A. Non-Surgical

Deep cleaning counts as a non-surgical treatment where only the surface of your teeth and gums are cleaned to remove any possibilities for the bacteria to further grow. The two main processes are root planing and scaling, with the former one used to smooth out any gum tissue from where the root of a tooth is exposed. This will help prevent further damage that can be done on the teeth while also removing any tartar accumulation.

As for scaling, the procedure removes a plaque build-up along with any calculus. Both these processes will ensure that the gums heal well and shrink any pockets that have opened up as a result of the inflammation. These can then be followed with proper dental care on a daily basis to avoid any recurrences in the future.

B. Surgical

If the non-surgical procedure has not eliminated the root of the problem, then your Specialist

Periodontics will resort to surgery. This procedure will involve completely removing any tartar and plaque build-up that has reached the root of your teeth. The gum pockets that were opened by the bacteria, then need to be further opened to remove any bone structure that might have also been affected by the infection.

All supporting structures will be thoroughly examined and worked on as seen appropriate by your periodontist. After the surgery has been performed, you might need bone grafts or possible rebuilds and reshapes depending on the damage done to the structure.

All this information can be very useful for you when you make your first visit to a periodontist upon reviewing your symptoms. For optimal care and expertise, choose our team of professionals at The Dome MedDental clinic who can ensure that you get the best results that you deserve.

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